- After Napoleon was defeated by the Coalition, a triumvirate temporarily ruled the occupied Netherlands during the power vacuum that the retreat of the French authorities had created; they were the counts Adam F. J. A. van der Duyn van Maasdam (1771–1848), Gijsbert van Hogendorp, and Leopold van Limburg Stirum (1758–1840). On 17 November 1813, they issued a proclamation stating “Holland is free” and announced the return of the House of Orange.In July 1940, after the German occupation in May, a triumvirate consisting of Johannes Linthorst Homan (1903–1986), Louis Einthoven (1896–1979), and Jan de Quay founded a new political movement, the Nederlandsche Unie (NU, Netherlands Union), which aimed at creating a new economicand social order through na tional cooperation.
Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. EdwART. 2012.
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Driemanschap — Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp, Frans Adam van der Duyn van Maasdam and Leopold of Limburg Stirum on the monument at Plein 1813 (1813 Square) in The Hague The Driemanschap (Triumvirate) of 1813 was formed after Charles François Lebrun and the… … Wikipedia
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NEDERLANDSCHE UNIE — (NU; NETHERLANDS UNION) World War II political movement founded in July 1940, after the German occupation in May, by a driemanschap (triumvirate) aim ing at cooperation between Dutch and German authorities to create a national mass movement.… … Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands